Optional Practical Training (OPT) is an employment benefit available to students in valid F-1 status. OPT allows students to work in a temporary position that is directly related to their field of study, as indicated on the form I-20, for up to 12 months. US Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) reviews applications for OPT and current processing times are approximately 2-5 months. Students must attend an OPT informational workshop before requesting a recommendation for OPT.
Students in valid F-1 status are generally eligible to apply for OPT if they meet the following requirements:
Have been enrolled full-time in a USCIS-certified school in lawful nonimmigrant status for 9 months (3 terms).
Are currently engaged in a degree-seeking academic program, or a structured non-degree program that is part of an established OSU curriculum.
Eligible F-1 students may apply for up to 12 months of OPT once per degree level. Students who have been authorized for 12 months or more of full-time Curricular Practical Training (CPT) are not eligible for OPT at the same degree level.
May use some or all of 12 months of OPT as pre-completion
Must continue to enroll full-time
Limited to part-time (20 hours or less per week) during school
Part-time OPT is calculated at half the full-time rate (2 months of part-time OPT = 1 month of full-time OPT)
Application period = 90 days prior to completion of studies - no later than 60 days after completion of studies
Start Date of OPT = Any day from 1-60 of your grace period
Processing time = approximately 2-5 months from USCIS receipt date
Sessions are generally offered a few times per month (typically every other Tuesday at 4 pm). Please reserve a seat for in-person sessions or complete one online in Canvas.
Submit a complete OPT Recommendation Request Form to our office. An advisor will review your request and, if you are eligible, will enter a recommendation for OPT in SEVIS and issue you a new I-20. OIS only recommends students for OPT; actual authorization is given by USCIS. Your new I-20 should be ready to pick up within 7 business days of submitting your request form.
Once you receive your new I-20, you should prepare the other materials required for submission to USCIS. See the checklists located on the USCIS website and our OPT handout. The OPT application must be received by USCIS within 30 days of the signature date on the I-20 with the OPT recommendation.
USCIS also has application instructions, mailing information, a fee calculator, and other helpful tools to use when filing your application. You may also wish to use an example I-765 as a guide and have your materials reviewed by an International Student Advisor prior to mailing. We strongly encourage you to submit your OPT application as early as possible to ensure you receive your employment authorization before your desired employment start date. Should you receive a rejection or denial, please contact OIS for assistance before responding to USCIS.
Once you are approved for OPT, you must continue to notify OIS of a change of address, employment information, legal name, or immigration status. Learn how to report this information to OIS.
If approved, USCIS will authorize you for OPT during the 14-month period following the completion of studies (2 months grace period + 12 months possible OPT). Your Employment Authorization Document (EAD card) will show either your requested start date (as recommended on your OPT I-20) or the date that your application is adjudicated, whichever is later.
You may remain in the US after completion of studies as long as your timely filed application is still in process with USCIS
Once approved, your F-1 status is extended
You will receive a 60-day grace period following completion of OPT
Work is only permitted during dates listed on your EAD card
Travel signatures are only valid for 6 months at a time while on OPT; be sure to review Travel information prior to leaving the US.
Must work at least 20 hours per week in a position related to field of study
No more than 90 days of unemployment allowed during initial 12-month OPT period
Immigration status at risk for automatic termination if 90 days is exceeded
Plan to return to school, change status, or depart the US before reaching the unemployment limit